Development of acne is often common in teenagers. This is mainly because their skin is less sticky compared to that of adults and therefore highly susceptible to having their skin pores clogged. This is why teens present both whiteheads and blackheads on their facial skin and other parts of their body.
Just like with teens, adults too are susceptible to develop acne. Indeed, most women start developing acne soon after they turn 30 and the development can persist to when they turn 50. The acne that you are susceptible to in your 30s is, however, not similar to that in teens. This is a type of acne referred to as adult acne, which affects women more than men.
Teen acne and adult acne differ markedly in their appearance and treatment. Unlike acne in teens that mostly develop on chicks and forehead, you are bound to develop adult acne on the lower part of your face particularly on your jawline and around your mouth. Furthermore, adult acne develops as deep nodules that are reddish in color. Note that you can develop adult acne whether or not you developed teen acne.
Like with teenage acne, adult acne clears off naturally as your hormones settle. However, it can take some time before the acne disappears. Furthermore, having acne as a woman can also be a cause frustration.
Unlike teen acne, there are various factors associated with the development of adult acne. You can develop adult acne because of the following reasons:
- Fluctuations in hormonal levels – Turning 30 leads to a reduction of growth hormones. This causes an imbalance in levels of different hormones in your body especially around your menstrual flow and when you attain pregnancy. The imbalance is one of the major causes of adult acne.
- High-stress levels – Reduction in growth hormones when you turn 30 also has a negative effect in how you manage stress. You are bound to produce more androgens (hormone), which stimulates hair follicles and their associated oil glands, leading to the eruption of acne. This simply means that you are most likely to develop adult acne if you live in a stressful environment.
- Genetics – You are also most likely to develop adult acne in case one of your parents or close blood relative has adult acne.
- Personal care products – Although your personal hair and skin care products may have worked well for you all along, they may turn out to be the cause of adult acne. Your skin may simply not respond as normal to the products due to changes in your hormones when you in your 30s.
- Medical condition – It is also very possible to develop adult acne due to an undiagnosed medical condition. It is, therefore, only appropriate that you consult your dermatologist before you embark on treating acne.
- Medications – You may develop adult acne as a result of using specific medications in which case development of acne is a side effect.
Treating adult acne differs from treating teenage acne. While teenage acne can easily be treated with over-the-counter creams and ointments containing benzoyl peroxide and/or salicylic acid, adult acne requires solutions that go deeper into the skin.
Your dermatologist can prescribe topical cream or ointment containing vitamin A (retinoid), which acts to unplug clogged follicles. He/she may also prescribe antibiotic oral medications and birth control pill to help in regulating your hormonal levels. This is usually the case for mild adult acne. Extensive and persistent adult acne may require intense treatment, which may involve light or laser treatment therapy.
Development of adult acne should never be a cause for alarm. Indeed, dealing with it should not call for medical intervention unless it is a sign of a deep-rooted medical condition. You only need to determine what the most likely cause of the same is in order to find ways of preventing outbreaks. Some of the ways you can help prevent adult acne are by managing stress, choosing your personal care products with care (avoid oily products), maintaining a balanced skin care routine, limiting consumption of dairy products/sugary foodstuff and washing your face before gong to bed.