Contrary to popular belief, having blackheads or whiteheads does not mean that your hygiene is poor. As oil accumulates in your skin’s sebaceous gland duct, it oxidizes and in effect clogs your hair follicles. Instead of hair therefore, you end up having bumpy heads, which because of irregular light reflection show up as black spots on your skin. The spots’ content (sebum) is not black as such but yellow-brownish in color. You may consider black heads as acne. Unlike black heads, whiteheads form because of oil accumulation in your skin’s sebaceous gland duct but because there is no opening to the skin surface, there is no oxidation. Although clogging hair follicles, the sebum will remain white; this will be reflected on the surface of your skin as a whitish spot. Consider whiteheads as pimples.
These two skin conditions are some of the common skin problems many people have to deal with. While anyone can develop these conditions, they are most common on young adults and adolescents, especially black heads on nose. Although the conditions are unsightly, getting rid of black heads requires time and patience. There is no overnight treatment for the same. It can take you up to several months to notice any improvement. Some of treatment medications include:
- Benzoyl Peroxide – This is effective in eradicating mild conditions and in preventing future occurrence.
- Tretinoin – This is made of Vitamin A. Its mode of action is by increasing cell activity, which in effect expels the clogged substance in your sebaceous gland duct, leaving the duct free.
- Antibiotics – Antibiotics are only useful when there is secondary infection on affected areas of your skin. Otherwise, the use of antibiotics is not the best way of how to get rid of blackhead. Both topical antibiotic creams and ointments are available, including oral antibiotics.
- Isotretinoin – Otherwise known as Accutane, Isotretinoin is used on acute acne. Its use is not recommended on mild acne because of its many side effects.
- Exfoliation – You can employ the use of black heads remove in getting rid of black heads. You can buy this from pharmacy stores. Your health care provider may also use the same. This is a small, hollow, circular metallic instrument that is centered on a black head and pushed down. The pressure exerted forces the plug to extrude.
It is a common practice for most people to use their fingers in removing blackheads. While this can be effective in getting rid of that look ready to pop up, doing so can lead to scars, which you will also need to deal with in order to prevent infections. Because dealing with black heads can be a challenge, the only best option is to prevent their occurrence. Consider the following tips on acne prevention:
- Consider bathing in the sun at safe times, before 10am and after 3pm (to avoid harmful radiation). Sunbathing encourages the peeling off dead skin that can clog your hair follicles.
- Do net let your hair lie on your face, this increases chances of having blackhead on nose.
- Wash off any make up before retiring to bed. Sleeping with make up on can lead to clogging of your hair follicles.
- Drink adequate amount of water on a daily basis. Water is useful in transporting away any wastes that can contribute to the clogging of hair follicles.
- Do not use harsh soaps on your face and instead use mild soaps.
- Exercise – Undertake regular light exercises to get rid of excess fat and shake down waste.