Medically known as alopecia, you are likely to suffer from hair loss at one stage in your life. Loss of hair is not restricted on your head but on other hairy body parts as well. You may suffer patchy or uniform hair loss. Patchy hair loss is mostly sudden with the scalp or other parts of your body loosing hair in a patchy manner. Uniform hair loss occurs gradually and can leave you with baldness. Skin lesions, scarring and hair fallouts characterize hair loss.
Major Causes of Hair Loss
One or a combination of various factors can be a cause of your hair loss:
- Fungal infection – Fungal infection on the scalp or other hairy body part can easily lead to hair loss.
- Hair treatment – The use of hair treatment formulations such as relaxers and straighteners can be a cause of your hair loss because of the chemicals used in making of the treatment formulations.
- Hormonal changes – As a woman, your hormones change often, which can cause hair loss.
- Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism – The action of your thyroid gland has a direct bearing on your hair. Your thyroid gland can be less or overactive, in effect causing hair loss.
- Genes – You may suffer hereditary hair loss inherited from either of your parents or a close relative.
- Iron deficiency – Inadequate iron levels in your system causes hair loss.
- Medications – Certain medications including chemotherapy medications are a major cause of hair loss.
- Disease – Lupus and diabetes are major causes of hair loss, in which case hair loss occurs as a sign.
- Your hairstyle – Your hair loss can lead to incidents of hair loss. If you are into wearing pigtails, cornrows and use tight hair rollers, you will suffer from traction hair loss.
Treatment of Hair Loss
Hair loss can be treated depending on the cause. It is important to point out that medications used in treating a category of hair loss may also produce unsafe side effects. For this reason, preventing hair loss is the best treatment available.
- Opt for a healthy hairstyle that promotes well-being of your hair.
- In case you are diagnosed with either lupus or diabetes, ensure that you stick to prescribed medications to minimize effects (hair loss).
- Unless otherwise, keep off chemotherapy.
- Ensure that you have adequate of iron through your daily diet.
- Treat or manage any thyroid disease diagnosed.
- Eat a healthy diet that promotes healthy hair growth. Such should include vegetables and fruits. These contain vital minerals, vitamins and natural oils necessary for both healthy hair and skin.
Apart from prevention, you may use safe hair loss treatment methods that include:
- Non-prescription medications – These are tested and approved topical medications that aid in growing hair on sections of your body from where hair is lost.
- Hair loss creams and ointments – Various brands of creams and ointments for daily application are available in the market. Commonly used to treat psoriasis, these formulations have been noted to encourage hair growth on treated areas.
- Hormonal pills – These balance your hormones, thereby encouraging hair growth. They are safe with no adverse side effects.
Although not a treatment or preventive method, you may consider wearing wigs in case you have suffered permanent and irreversible hair loss.