Generally, kidney disease refers to diseases that affect varied parts of the renal anatomy. Chronic kidney disease is very difficult to notice without medical test. As a matter of fact, many people do not realize that they have chronic kidney disease because there is usually no symptom of the same. It normally takes years for chronic kidney disease to eventually lead to kidney failure. Some people in fact live with chronic kidney disease without kidney failure.
The fact that you can live all your life with the disease comfortably without experiencing any symptoms does not diminish the effects of the same on your health. The disease is bound to affect the normal functions of other parts of your body including organs. It is therefore very necessary to know the symptoms associated with the disease. This can help you a great deal in getting the disease diagnosed and appropriate treatment obtained. Before looking at the symptoms the disease presents, it is only appropriate that you understand how you can contract the disease. Kidney disease is mainly associated with occurrence of other diseases. Such include diabetes mellitus, hypertension and glomeruloneprits. However, the disease can also be induced. Long-term use of certain medications is associated with the occurrence of the disease.
Some of the symptoms kidney disease presents include:
Urine production is one of the kidney’s main function. Kidney disease interrupts the normal production process, which leads to two scenarios; less or frequent urination. You may urinate less and in most cases in small amounts that is usual. Such urine is normally dark in color. You may also urinate frequently, including waking up to do so. Such is usually in large amounts than usual and is in most cases pale. Your urine is likely to be foamy. In extreme cases, you may feel pressure to urinate or find it difficult to do so & you may also notice urine contaminated with blood.
Apart from producing urine, your kidney plays an important role of removing excess fluid in your body. Kidney disease interrupts this process, leading to accumulation of fluid in your body. This leads to a condition known as edema, which is characterized by swelling in legs, feet, face, hands and ankles.
Kidney disease causes both physical and mental fatigue. You are bound to feel exhausted and lethargic. You may also experience a burning sensation in your muscles. Your kidney is responsible for producing erythropoietin hormone, which activates red blood cells that carry oxygen. Kidney disease leads to low production of these cells, which reduces the amount of oxygen supplied to your body muscles. This causes the feeling of being fatigued.
Because kidney disease leads to accumulation of fluid in your body in addition to interfering with smooth production of erythropoietin hormone, you are bound to experience shortness of breath. This is a direct result of build up of fluid in your lungs and oxygen starvation.
Your kidney is responsible for preventing a build up of waste in your bloodstream. Kidney disease causes your kidney to stop playing this vital role. This in effect leads to a build of waste in your blood, which is bound to cause you a feeling of nausea. This can easily drive you to vomit. Nausea and vomiting is usually accompanied by loss of appetite, which can see you lose weight at a very fast rate.
These are just a few of the many kidney disease symptoms you are likely to experience. Because they usually do not show at the initial stage, their occurrence is an indication that your kidney is failing. This calls for immediate medical attention.