Paralysis is a medical condition in which the patient loses the function of one or more muscle fibers of the body partially or completely leading to the loss of movement as well as sense of feeling in that particular body part. Severe injury or damage to certain nerve fibers that control the muscle functions is the root cause behind this situation.
7 most common causes of paralysis, linked to the damage of nerve fibers are mentioned below:
Stroke or Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)
Several studies have proved that most of the worldwide cases of paralysis are caused by stroke which was previously known medically as cerebrovascular accident or CVA. Hence, a devastating stroke is considered to be one of the prime reasons of paralysis. Generally, an incident of stroke hampers or sometimes cuts off the blood supply to the brain cells causing them dying fast. This abrupt damage of brain cells can lead to paralysis.
Brain growth or tumor
Certain types of brain growths or tumors can eventually lead to paralysis. More than ever, if a person develops a growth that has an effect on the motor cortex of the anterior lobe of the brain, then it mostly results in paralysis. Such condition starts as well as steps forward in a slow manner. If the tumor is not ruined at the initial stage, the subsequent paralysis can become undeviating.
A massive cerebral injury or head trauma can be another major cause of paralysis. A severe head injury amplifies the intracranial pressure considerably due to edema formed within the brain. This extreme pressure can lead the victim to paralysis. However, the severity is totally depended on the amount as well as the area of injury.
Encephalitis is basically the medical term used for acute inflammation of the brain. It can be a serious outcome of viral or bacterial infection. The patients should be provided efficient treatment at the initial stages in such cases. Otherwise, the infection will destruct the brain tissues completely in course of time which can lead to unpredictable paralysis.
Our peripheral nervous system or PNS is the major structure that regulates our body movements as well as our senses. When an individual suffers from the Guillain-Barre syndrome, his or her immune system gets affected at first which eventually attacks the entire peripheral nervous system. It can affect that individual a lot and he or she can develop a temporary paralysis.
Sometimes our immune system hits the nerve fibers of our spinal cord, and the condition is given the medical term multiple sclerosis. It interrupts both – sent and received brain signals which can disturb the motor functions significantly and end in paralysis.
Lyme disease is a certain kind of bacterial infection. It is particularly caused by tick bites and can lead to short-term paralysis by destroying some crucial nerve fibers.
However, there are some other factors such as brain abscesses, Bell’s palsy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, syringomyelia, Parkinson’s disease, and spina bifida which can bring about either impermanent or permanent paralysis in human beings, and push them into a painful state of life.