Fatty liver is a health condition associated with the build-up of fat in liver cells. This is a health condition that professionally referred to as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). You are most likely to develop fatty liver when 5% of your liver is made up of fat deposits. Fatty liver is just one of the major conditions that can affect your liver. The others are liver cirrhosis, jaundice, and hepatitis (A, B, C, D, and E).
Your liver is no doubt the largest organ within your body. Its size allows it to perform a lot of functions including production of bile that is necessary for digestion of food, metabolism of fats and drugs that you ingest, regulation of protein and sugar in your bloodstream and removal of toxic waste from your body. Build up of fat in liver cells, therefore, impairs the capacity of your liver to perform its functions efficiently.
Fatty Liver Symptoms
Development of fatty liver can take decades. It is because of this that most people rarely notice the associated symptoms. Some of the symptoms you are most likely to experience include discomfort in your abdominal area near the liver, general body fatigue and a general unexplained feeling of sickness.
Causes of Fatty Liver
The main cause of fatty liver is build up of fat in the liver cells. Although your liver metabolizes fat, there are various reasons and risk factors that cause a build-up of fat in the liver. Such include;
- Being overweight.
- Protein malnutrition.
- Rapid loss of weight.
- Bypass surgery of the intestines.
- Diabetes Type-2.
- High lipid level in the blood.
- High blood pressure.
- Long-term consumption of alcohol and use of such medications as corticosteroids and tetracycline among other medications.
Of all the above causative and risk factors, overweight or obesity is responsible for causing about 85% of fatty liver disease. This explains why the disease continues to be diagnosed both in adults and children as well.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for a fatty liver disease. Medications available only work to make your life bearable once you are diagnosed with the condition. Advanced surgery is usually the only option but it can be very expensive.
Luckily, fatty liver can easily be treated and possibly cured using home remedies. Diet and lifestyle remedies are the two most effective remedies because it is a disease related to the two.
Sticking to a friendly diet goes a long way in eliminating the fatty liver disease. You need to eliminate unhealthy carbohydrates from your diet. You seriously need to avoid refined flour, pastries, white bread and refined sugar. Your body converts these into triglyceride that eventually builds up in your liver. Instead, stick to a diet made up of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Similarly, you need to choose fat with a lot of care. You particularly need to eliminate foodstuffs that contain saturated fat from your diet. Such foodstuffs include red meat, fatty dairy products, pastries, cakes and fried foodstuff. Instead, restrict yourself to using such oils as sunflower, sesame, peanut and olive oils.
In addition to choosing the type of carbohydrates and oils that you use, consider including such healthy spices as cumin and turmeric in your food. They contain properties that help to disintegrate build up fat and heal the liver.
Like with diet, sticking to a healthy lifestyle helps in treating fatty liver disease. You particularly need to avoid or limit consumption of alcohol in case you drink. The fact that fatty liver is mainly caused by obesity makes it necessary that you reduce your body weight. However, you need to avoid losing weight rapidly. Sticking to a friendly diet will help you lose weight in a healthy way.
You also need to engage in exercises on a regular basis. Performing aerobic exercises and jogging for at least 30 minutes per day will be very helpful.
Development of fatty liver disease occurs progressively. The only sure way to prevent the condition is to stick to a healthy diet and lifestyle. Resorting to a healthy diet and lifestyle also goes a long way in addressing the condition in case you are already diagnosed with the disease.