It is a fact that your health and body development greatly relies on the kind of food, drinks and lifestyle habits. The foods and drinks you consume in particular provide your body with vital nutrients that are taken up by your body cells. The nutrients undergo various processes undertaken by enzymes and hormones. One such body process is that which is performed pancreatic lipase enzymes, which act on the fat you consume in form of vegetable oil and animal fats. The action leads to the production of triglycerides, a type of lipid that is stored in your body, with some d in your blood. When you consume calories, responsible enzymes convert the same into energy, in the process converting excess calories into triglycerides for storage in fat cells.
Unlike triglycerides, cholesterol is produced in your liver or intestines. It is a different type of lipid. Like with triglycerides, cholesterol is also found in your blood. Cholesterol is manufactured from simple substances within your body that enter the liver. Once secreted by the liver, it is channeled into your digestive tract. Half of cholesterol released into your digestive tract is reabsorbed through the small intestines and released into your blood. Your body therefore recycles cholesterol. One important thing to note is that unlike cholesterol, triglycerides cannot pass through your cell membranes unless they are converted into free fatty acids by lipoprotein lipase enzyme.
Your body requires both triglycerides and cholesterol for different purposes. While triglycerides act as storage for unused calories and therefore very useful whenever your body requires energy to accomplish tasks, cholesterol is very important for the building of body cells and certain hormones. Both triglycerides and cholesterol cannot dissolve in your blood. They are therefore circulated throughout your body by lipoprotein lipase enzymes. Although they are vital, your body only requires optimum levels of both lipids to function properly. High triglyceride and cholesterol levels turn out to be destructive, causing serious health effects. According to the American Heart Association, your triglyceride level reading should be below 150 milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg/dl). Any reading between 150 and 199 mg/dl borders on the high side. While a reading of between 200 and 499 mg/dl is high, a reading above 500 mg/dl is not only very high but also very risky. For cholesterol, your level reading should be below 200 mg/dl. A reading between 200 and 240 mg/dl borders on the high and risky side. A cholesterol reading above 240 mg/dl is simply risky.
High triglyceride and cholesterol levels cause serious health effects that are not only difficult to treat and manage but also expensive to treat and manage, some of which are as follows
- High level of triglycerides in your bloodstream leads to hardening of your arteries, in effect increasing your chances of developing stroke and heart disease.
- High cholesterol level leads to the occurrence of cardiovascular disease including heart attack, stroke and peripheral vascular disease.
- Excess cholesterol in your bloodstream can be deposited in along your arterial wall. This interferes with smooth blood flow, leading to reduced flow of blood to your heart.
Treatment for High Triglycerides & Cholesterol Levels
Even with these serious health effects, you can take control and maintain low and safe triglyceride and cholesterol levels. It is important to obtain your readings of both and take remedial measures in case your readings turn out to be high. Your regular diet plays a major role in determining triglyceride and cholesterol levels in your bloodstream. In both cases, you need to ensure that your regular diet is not composed manly of carbohydrate foods. If that is the case, you need to be physically active in order to burn excess calories. This prevents unnecessary storage of triglycerides and reduction of cholesterol level. Adequate fluid intake and physical exercises are the most effective methods of reducing triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Whenever you go for a check up on your cholesterol level, request your doctor to obtain your triglyceride reading as well. There is the likelihood that your triglyceride reading will be high with high cholesterol level.