Your blood contains varied types of fat, triglyceride fat being one of them. Your body uses triglyceride fat for energy purposes. Since the fat cannot pass through cell membranes freely, lipoprotein lipase enzyme that lines the wall of blood vessels break it down into free fatty acids that can easily pass through cell membranes. Triglycerides are therefore very important to the body. However, situations can arise in which your blood triglycerides level becomes high, which presents a health problem. The situation can be serous if you have other medical conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol level. This can easily lead to metabolic syndrome, which in effect increases your chances of having heart attacks and stroke.
Triglycerides and cholesterol are closely related; blood tests used in measuring your cholesterol levels are the same used for measuring triglyceride levels. Ideally, your normal triglyceride reading should be less than 150 milligrams per deciliter of blood. Any reading between 150 and 199 mg/dl borders on the higher side. A measurement reading of between 200 and 499 mg/dl is considered high while a reading above 500 mg/dl of blood is extremely high and risky.
You certainly will not experience symptoms of high triglycerides level. You are however likely to experience resultant results. If you have inherited the condition, you will have fatty deposits under your skin. You are also likely to have high cholesterol level. It is common for doctors to ascertain your triglyceride level in case they find out that your cholesterol reading is high, in which case they try to find if there is an underlying disease such as diabetes or metabolic syndrome, which they treat. High cholesterol level has been associated with hardening of arteries and therefore the risk of heart disease and stroke.
What Causes of High Triglycerides?
High triglycerides level is caused by various factors including health conditions, lifestyle and medications:
- Health conditions – Unmanaged diabetes, kidney disease, obesity and hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland) raise levels of triglycerides.
- Medications – Diuretic, birth control, Beta-blockers, steroids and estrogen medications raise the level of triglyceride.
- Lifestyle – Drinking alcohol in excess and eating foods rich in calories with little exercise or burning of the same results in raised triglycerides level.
- Genes – You can inherit the condition in case one of your parents or both have the condition.
Treatment & Controlling High Triglycerides
Although triglyceride treatment medications are available, it is a routine by doctors to recommend common remedies as the first line of treatment. This is because of the long-term benefits that such remedies offer. Compared to conventional treatment medications, long-term remedies provide fast and effective treatment. Treatment medications are usually prescribed to those who have been identified to have coronary heart problems. Your doctor will normally advice you to undertake measures that end up lowering triglyceride naturally. Such include:
- Reduce Weight – Reduce your weight in case you are obese or overweight. You will be required to perform regular exercises capable of burning excess calories. Apart from lowering triglyceride, exercises help you keep fit.
- Diet – Eating a healthy diet with little fat and avoiding food high in triglycerides. These foods are rich in carbohydrates.
- Lifestyle changes – Limiting alcohol intake and stopping in cigarette smoking reduces triglycerides. Positive lifestyle changes reduce triglycerides significantly.
Considering the risks that high triglycerides level presents, it is only important that you ascertain your measurement readings whenever you go for cholesterol check up. In case you find it high, you now know how to lower the triglyceride; it is cheap and effective.