6 Main causes of Eczema (Dermatitis) – Symptoms & Treatment

Dermatitis, typically known as eczema, is a common skin disorder. It is characterized by acute skin inflammation or excessive swelling of the skin. Generally, it can be a result of chronic allergy or extreme skin sensitivity. Also, the infection is caused due to the bacteria named Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes. However, scientists have already proved that dermatitis or eczema is crucially linked to asthma and hay fever and that is why it should never be left ignored.

Types of dermatitis

Dermatitis can be of several types, and all of them have their own unique symptoms as well as methods of treatment. It is minor in most of the cases if diagnosed and treated initially, but can be life-threatening in case of severe allergic conditions. Most common types of dermatitis are seborrheic, perioral, infantile, photoalleric, pustular, discoid, nummular, contact dermatitis, and xerotic or winter itch.

Causes of dermatitis

The root cause of this skin disease is still unknown. It is assumed that the dry and itchy skin is more prone to dermatitis while the immune system malfunctions accelerate it. Altogether, the causes can be listed as:

  • Direct contact with certain agents causing skin irritations or allergies, or more precisely, getting in touch with some irritants or allergens.
  • A past medical history of any sort of allergies.
  • Emotional stress such as dissatisfaction or awkwardness.
  • Genetic factors, time span of skin exposure, and other skin disorders.
  • Straight away contact with some metals or other substances to which the skin is hypersensitive.
  • History of family members suffered from asthma or hay fever.

Symptoms of dermatitis

The signs and symptoms of dermatitis solely depend on its types. In atopic dermatitis, generally the skin around the eyes gets affected mostly. Certain sores filled with fluid could also be seen around the lids, brows and lashes of the eyes. Even, these could ooze fluid or crust over. On the other hand, the most common irritant contact dermatitis mainly involves hands and is comparatively more painful than the itchy one. The symptoms of this type of dermatitis are:

  • Skin inflammation and reddishness
  • Tenderness of skin
  • Severe skin itching with burning sensation
  • Mild hives to big blisters
  • Gentle swelling limited to a small area of skin
  • Stiffness or tightness of skin
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Treatment of dermatitis

If you come across any of the above mentioned symptoms, consult your dermatologist immediately. Usually, antihistamine tablets are prescribed in order to reduce the irritation in such cases. Systemic steroids, azathioprine, phototherapy and several modern techniques can also work well at early stages of dermatitis. However, if the situation gets complicated, antibiotics like flucloxacillin or erythromycin is recommended. Latest ultra-violet light treatments (UVA, UVB) are also helpful for treating the disorder effectively.

Some precautionary measures should also be taken along with the treatment in such cases. The skin should be protected from dusts, solvents, detergents, foul water, and any sort of injury. Using emollient after having showers and wearing soft smooth clothes would be better than using perfumes and putting on woolen clothing. If nothing works, the person should be hospitalized in no time for proper care and treatment.

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