Ovarian cancer is a cancerous growth that occurs in the ovary. Most ovarian cancers develop on the surface of the ovary, in which case they are referred to as epithelium ovary cancer. This does not however mean that ovarian cancer cannot develop in the fallopian tube. Ovarian cancer causes varied health complications. The fact that it is progressive poses the risk of other organs of the body being affected too. It also causes fluid retention in the abdomen.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian cancer presents various signs and symptoms. However, they do not show immediately but rather long after the disease has developed. In any case, such symptoms are usually similar to those of other diseases and it may take long for a woman affected to be diagnosed with ovarian cancer.
Signs and symptoms do include
1. Abdominal Pain,
2 General Body Fatigue
5. Back pain
6. Pelvic Pain
7. Unexplained vaginal bleeding
8. Unexplained weight loss
The main cause(s) of ovarian cancer have so far not been established. Instead, several factors are thought to encourage the development of the disease. Such are in most cases risk factors that studies conducted show contribute a great deal to the occurrence of the disease. Older women with relatives who have been diagnosed with the disease are at risk of developing the same (heredity). Women who have never been pregnant and those who receive hormonal replacement therapy (HRP) also are at great risk of developing ovarian cancer. The risk of developing ovarian cancer has been established to be lower to a large degree in women who attain pregnancy early in life and later in life.
Causes of Ovarian Cancer
Although many women (and men) believe that ovarian cancer can be caused by oral contraceptives, consumption of alcohol and fertility medications, such have not been scientifically established to play any role in the development of the disease. Diagnosis of ovarian cancer is usually impossible during early stages of development. It can only be diagnosed after it has advanced to other stages. In most cases, diagnosis is mainly through physical examination including pelvic examination. Blood tests and ultrasound are also used in diagnosing the disease. Confirmation of diagnosis results is usually through surgery, which allows for inspection of abdominal cavity.
Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer
Unlike other types of cancer, there is no jurisdiction in the world with elaborate screening programs for ovarian cancer. This is mainly because screening programs that have been tested have not proved to be beneficial to those screened and established to have the disease. In any case, most women who had been put on screening programs were established to have the disease while such was not the case. Medical researchers are currently assessing more effective ways to screen for ovarian cancer.
Treatment of Ovarian Cancer
Like other types of cancer, there is no cure for ovarian cancer. Treatments available are mainly for the management of the disease in order to prolong life amongst affected women. Surgery is a common treatment where one or both ovaries can be removed. In extreme cases, fallopian tubes and the uterus are removed to stop the spread of the disease to other organs of the body. Chemotherapy has for a long time been the standard management care for women diagnosed with ovarian cancer. Although radiation can also help, it is usually not recommended for its ineffectiveness on advanced ovarian cancer.