4 Types of Sores in Mouth – Causes & Treatment

Apart from dental problems, your may have to deal with sores in the mouth. Such can be painful and make your life very uncomfortable. While you may not be able to chew food as is required, you are certain to have foul breath. This can make you resort to loneliness, which in itself causes other problems. There are different types of sores that can appear at any location within your mouth including your gums, tongue, lips and inner cheeks. The following are some of sore in the mouth you can suffer from:

1. Cold sores

These are at times referred to as fever blisters. Your outer lips are the most likely places to be affected. You experience itching on your outer lips just before cold sores appear. It can also extend to your gums. You are likely to have swollen lymph nodes and develop a rising fever.

Cold sores are caused by herpes simplex virus, which makes cold sores highly contagious. The herpes virus sets in case you bite your cheek, lip or tongue. Burning from hot drinks also makes it possible for herpes virus to thrive. Hewing of tobacco has also been found to make your mouth habitable to the virus. Note that you may have the herpes virus (dormant) for several years before it can be active. It can be activated by another illness, body hormonal changes, stress and over exposure to the sun.

Some medications can also cause cold sores. Such include aspirin, insomnia medications (barbiturates), chemotherapy drugs, penicillin, streptomycin and sulfonamides amongst others. Cold sores are easily treated by use if antiviral medications in ointment form and pills. With appropriate treatment, cold sores heal very fast.

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2. Angular Chelitis

Angular Chelitis is a fungal mouth infection that you are likely to confuse with cold sores. It affects the corners of your mouth, resulting in cracked fissures. It is caused by Candida albicans fungus, the same fungus responsible for yeast infections.

While the fungus can remain dormant in your mouth, it can be activated by harsh weather, stress and lifestyle habits such as smoking. Other diseases or health conditions such as diabetes, HIV and some medications can also activate the fungus. Antifungal ointments have proved to be very effective in dealing with the fungus, with healing taking few days.

3. Lichen Planus

This type of mouth sore appears as white lesions that can affect any part of your mouth. The skin may be affected much later. The actual cause of Lichen Planus is not known although low body immunity is thought to contribute to its occurrence. Some medications are also thought to cause the whitish lesions. The lesions appear as white patterns that are of different sizes anywhere in the mouth. You may actually not know that you have white lesions in your mouth until your dentist or someone else points out the same to you. However, Lichen Planus can be accompanied by mouth ulcers, in which case your mouth skin is affected. This causes some pain. While Lichen Planus on its own disappears even without use of medication, ulcerous Lichen Planus is treated by use of topical steroids.

4. Mouth ulcers

Mouth ulcers are at times referred to as canker sores, which are the most common. Mouth ulcers do affect loose tissues within your mouth such as on your cheek, tongue, inner lips and on mouth floor. The sores can also extend to your throat. Mouth ulcers are not caused by any fungus or bacteria and their occurrence is associated with weak immune system. They occur because of other body conditions such as trauma and stress. While they can heal on their own without any medication, you may be forced to go for laser treatment in case of severe pain.

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Sores in mouth do heal without the use of any medication in about two weeks of their eruption. In case of severe pain however, it becomes necessary to use appropriate medication. To prevent their occurrence, maintaining high oral hygiene is vital. Avoiding hot drinks and spicy foods, gaggling salt water, managing stress, using soft toothbrush and stopping to chew tobacco are some of the measures you can take.

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