Fibroids are one of the most common medical problems seen among people nowadays. Basically, these are certain abnormal growths that are found mostly on the inner wall and even sometimes on the outer wall of the uterus. Hence, they are named as ‘Uterine fibroids’.
It has become a widespread disorder now, and above 50% of the total female population of the world suffers from uterine fibroids. These anomalous excrescences or growths are formed by tissues or muscles, and are absolutely non-cancerous in nature.
Causes of uterine fibroids
A number of studies have been performed till now to disclose the root causes of uterine fibroids, but nothing could be completely satisfactory or conclusive. However, it is seen that these abnormal growths are closely linked to the overproduction of two vital female hormones – estrogen and progesterone. Uterine fibroids are only seen in females who have attained puberty. Also, they start shrinking in shape as well as in size right after a women reaches menopause. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is really helpful in detecting small uterine fibroids while large ones can be spotted easily even through a pelvic exam.
Symptoms of uterine fibroids
Uterine fibroids are absolutely risk-free expansions seen in the uterus. Several researches have successfully proved that almost 1 in every 4 young women have the signs and symptoms of these. Though uterine fibroids are left undetected in maximum cases as there are no symptoms at all, some painful and intolerable indications can prove their presence at times. These depend upon the numbers, sizes and the positions of the fibroids completely. Some regular symptoms of uterine fibroids are listed below:
- Excessive menstrual bleeding. Most of the time it lasts for more than 5 days which is quite abnormal.
- Sometimes non-menstrual bleeding too.
- Extreme pain when the blood clots pass out along with the flow of blood.
- Anemia or severe deficiency of blood because of too much bleeding.
- Pressure and severe pain in the lower back region as the nerves of pelvis and legs get pressurized by the fibroids.
- Tremendous soreness in the bladder.
- Repeated urination, urinary incontinence and sometimes urinary retention also.
- Weightiness in the bowels.
- Severe problems of constipation and painful abdominal gas.
- Bloated abdomen mainly caused by gas and constipation but appears just like increased weight in pregnancy.
- Heaviness, stress and acute pain in the lower abdomen as well as in the pelvis region by reason of the heavy weight of the fibroids.
- Sometimes mild cramps in the abdomen.
- Dyspareunia or painful sexual intercourse.
- Trouble in conceiving, frequent miscarriages and even untimely birth.
Proper knowledge about the causes and symptoms of uterine fibroids can help you take necessary preventive measures for them. In most of the cases, women do not need any sort of treatment for uterine fibroids as these are not fatal at all. However, it could surely be extremely painful to live with. An expert physician should be consulted in such situation. Numerous treatment options are available to cure uterine fibroids. But if nothing can be of help, hysterectomy should be performed.