Being the largest organ of the body that is exposed, your skin is highly susceptible to various infections and damage. Some of these are white spots that appear on the skin mostly during summer. White spots commonly affect teenagers and young adults of both sexes. The spots do not only appear as white; they can be irritative and itchy.
They are most prominent on those with dark or tanned skin. The most likely places where the spots appear are usually on the face just above the nose, over the fingers, hands and on legs. One characteristic of white spots is their tendency to disappear during winter, creating the impression that the infection is over.
Causes of White Spots
White spots are in most cases fungal infections that show on the skin as a result of exposure to sun during summer. However, various other factors contribute towards the occurrence of white spots. One of these factors is immune deficiency of the skin. Immune deficiency is usually caused by lack of adequate amounts of vitamins, nutrients and essential fatty acids. Immune deficiency leads to skin cells losing color, resulting into white spots. The fact that white spots do appear during summer is a clear indication that exposure to the sun is a contributory factor in the occurrence of the spots.
Hormones play a major role in preventing or encouraging the development of white spots. In particular, the corticosteroid hormone is critical. Produced by the adrenal gland, deficiency of the hormone leads to autoimmune disease, which has a role in the occurrence of white spots. Certain medications have also been linked to the occurrence of white spots. Such include oral acne medications and birth control pills. These have the capability to alter the skin’s tone, making it very sensitive to light. This has the effect of making the skin uneven, encouraging development of white spots.
Treatment of White Spots
Various medications are available for the treatment of white spots and most physicians recommend topical applications as the first line of treatment. Topical applications used in treating other skin infections such as eczema and acne can effectively cure white spots. Oral medications are usually the second line of treatment. Extreme cases of white spots where they cover a wide area of the skin may necessitate surgery treatment in which such techniques as laser treatment are used. In some cases, transplant of Melanocyte cells that cause skin pigmentation can be undertaken.
Apart from conventional treatment methods, other white spots remedies are also available, which are effective in treating white spots that are localized, particularly those that appear on the face. Rinsing the face with apple cider vinegar after washing has proved effective in getting rid of white spots. Vinegar has the effect of killing both bacteria and fungi that are responsible for causing white spots. Exfoliating areas infected also goes along way in removing dead skin cells that encourage development and spread of infection. Extract obtained from crushing cabbage leaves has also proved effective in eradicating white spots. Cabbage juice is rich in vitamins and minerals that help in elimination the infection.