Bronchitis is a medical condition in which the bronchial tubes of a person become severely inflamed. It is majorly caused due to the infections by harmful viruses such as rhinovirus, RSV and the influenza virus. Besides, various ecological factors, pollution, chemicals irritants and certain bacteria can also be responsible for chronic bronchitis.
During the acute inflammation and swelling of bronchial tubes, the patient might also develop other severe symptoms like constant cough, runny nose, nasal congestion, painful throat and bronchial mucous secretion. Go through the rest of the article to know more about the treatments for bronchitis:
Reduction of inflammation
As bronchitis is mainly characterized by severe inflammation, the first and foremost step of treating the disease is the usage of the albuterol inhalation. This directly acts on the bronchial tubes and helps them dilate so that the air can pass through them easily. Generally, a handheld device is needed for this purpose which is available at a doctor’s place.
A well-known synthetic steroid Prednisone is also used to treat bronchitis effectively. It is basically an anti-inflammatory agent that works on the adrenal glands. The steroids generated by these glands hold great anti-inflammatory properties, and Prednisone helps boost these properties significantly.
While suffering from bronchitis, a person might develop bacterial infections. In such case, a complete course of antibiotics can cure the infection. If the infection is a viral one, no pill should be needed as it gets cured by its own with enough rest and proper safety measures.
Treatment of fever
It is often observed that people suffering from bronchitis develop serious fever. Applying cold soaks on the head or using a general course of paracetamol can reduce the fever. Also, the patient should be kept warm by any mean if his or her body starts getting chilled.
Cure of cough
Coughing is a common symptom of bronchitis. An OTC (Over-the-counter) cough syrup or some good cough drops can heal this easily and efficiently. However, cigarettes worsen the coughing condition, and hence, smokers must stop smoking completely. Even passive smoking should also be avoided.
Sufficient intake of fluid
An irritated and dehydrated throat adds to the inflammation, and deteriorates the condition of the bronchial tubes. Drink plenty of fluids such as warm water, soups and thick broths in order to keep the throat wet enough as well as to get rid of the nasal congestion.
If case of rigorous nasal stuffiness as well as secretion of bronchial mucous, inhalation of steam with certain medication like ‘Karvol’ can be of definite help. It positively opens up the blocked nasal passages and let the air move easily.
Gargling with warm saline water is another helpful way to stay away from cough and sore throat. Include it in your daily routine.
However, it is seen that in spite of taking a lot of precautions and adopting all possible remedies, the symptoms can persist. Moreover, chronic wheezing and shortness of breath could also be observed. In such situations, the doctor should be consulted immediately for proper medical treatment.