Excess weight or obesity is a problem that most women have to deal with. The need to take remedy measures to reduce your weight becomes necessary because of the apparent health risks involved. Various non-surgery remedies are available that you can employ for weight loss. Such include exercises, supplements and appropriate diet amongst others. However, there may be circumstances when non-surgery measures do not work (for various reasons) and weight loss surgery becomes the only remaining option. In such a case, your doctor evaluates your suitability for weight loss surgery before recommending the same.
Are you Suitable Candidate of Weight Loss Surgery?
In evaluating your suitability, your doctor will determine the following:
Your Overall Weight – Weight loss surgery is not suitable for everyone who is obese. Your doctor will have to ensure that your body mass index (BMI) is greater than 40.
Your Age – You are above the age of 18 years.
Your Medical Condition – You have a medical condition such as diabetes and or high blood pressure that make it impossible to reduce weight through non-surgery measures.
Your Resolve – Your doctor will have to ascertain your level of resolve and commitment to a healthy lifestyle. It is a waste of time and resources to go through weight loss surgery only to return to weight gain activities.
You have to meet these conditions in order to qualify as a candidate for weight loss surgery, in which case your doctor will take you through the various types of weight loss surgery procedures available and what to expect with each procedure.
Types of Weight Loss Surgery
Such procedures or types include:
Malabsorption Weight Loss Surgery
This is a group of multiple procedures that aim at creating malabsorption. This means that your normal absorption of nutrients from the food you eat will be restricted. Various procedures exist including billiopancreatic diversion. This procedure however poses the risk of malnutrition because your body fails to receive adequate supply of nutrients. This presents the risk of developing anemia, osteoporosis and other health complications. In addition, some surgeons remove your gallbladder during the procedure ostensibly to reduce complications by gallstones. Very few surgeons perform malabsorptive weight loss surgeries.
Restrictive Weight Loss Surgery
Restrictive weight loss surgery procedures restrict the amount of food you eat, leaving your alimentary and metabolic process intact. The procedures involved include stomach stapling (part of your stomach is permanently stapled to reduce your stomach), gastric banding (your stomach is reduced by use of a silicon band that can be expanded), sleeve gastrectomy (part of your stomach is surgically removed to make it small), gastric balloon (a deflated balloon is placed inside your stomach then inflated to decrease the amount of gastric space).
Mixed Weight Loss Surgery
These are surgery procedures in which a restrictive procedure is performed alongside a malabsorptive procedure. They include gastric bypass surgery, sleeve gastrectomy/duodenal switch and implantation gastric stimulation.
From studies undertaken, malabsorptive weight loss surgeries are more effective compared to restrictive or combination surgeries. Whichever the case however, all the procedures present various risks. Malabsorption surgery procedures increase the risk of occurrence of various diseases and health conditions because of reduced nutrients. This extends to reduction of certain hormones and enzymes, which causes other health problems. It is important to take necessary precautions after receiving weight loss surgery treatment. Your doctor or surgeon should be able to educate you on home self-care. In particular, you need to restrict your diet to a liquid and sugar-free diet for several months. You also need to avoid overeating so as not to exceed the size of your reduced stomach.