High Blood Pressure or (Preeclampsia) in Pregnancy – Causes & Treatment

Pregnancy is the most beautiful stage of every woman’s life. But during this lovely phase, lots of symptoms and troubles could arise and some of them might be really serious for the fetus as well as the would-be-mother. Preeclampsia is one of such severe complications associated with pregnancy. In this medical condition, the patient suffers from acute hypertension. The blood pressure of the mother-to-be rises up steeply leading to a dangerous fall in the supply of blood to the placenta and the unborn baby.

If left untreated, the aftereffect of preeclampsia could be potentially life-threatening for both the mother as well as the baby. As the blood pressure level goes up sharply, a woman becomes highly vulnerable to loads of risks such as stroke, seizures, severe bleeding or placental abruption. Generally, immediate delivery is considered to be the best possible solution in such situations. However, at the initial stage of pregnancy, delivery can prove to be a bad decision for people suffering from preeclampsia. They need effective preeclampsia treatment to fight the hurdle and stay well till the end of the pregnancy.

Symptoms of preeclampsia

It is truly important to know about the symptoms of preeclampsia before providing preeclampsia treatment with the patient. In minor cases, the would-be-mother might encounter certain symptoms such as unexpected weight gain within a short span of 1-2 days and puffiness of face and hands. But, when it comes to acute preeclampsia, the symptoms might be grave enough including pain in abdomen right below the ribs or sometimes in the right shoulder, burning headaches, nausea, vomiting, anxiety, reduced urination, and vision changes. If any of the aforementioned symptoms are encountered by the patient, she needs immediate care and treatment.

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Here are 3 effective tips for preeclampsia treatment:

Regular observation

Frequent visits to the doctor is the primary as well as most significant step to keep the unborn baby and the mother suffering from preeclampsia out of danger. The mother-to-be needs to be monitored intimately by various means like repeated ultrasounds, non-stress assessments, biophysical profiles, weigh-ins, and regular blood pressure level checks. It is also necessary to test the amount of protein present in the urine of the patient regularly.

Complete bed rest

If you are going through mild preeclampsia, you should take complete bed rest in order to drop your blood pressure level off to normal. It would help boost the blood supply to the placenta and the fetus eventually. In this condition, it is recommended that you limit your movements, stay in the couch or bed for most of the time, and stand up only when needed. In severe preeclampsia, you should be hospitalized though. While the mother is taking bed rest, the well-being of the unborn could be checked with the help of non-stress tests and biophysical profiles frequently. As deficiency of amniotic fluid indicates the insufficient blood supply to the placenta and the fetus, the quantity of amniotic fluid is also need to be checked this time.

Proper medications

When delivery is the only option left, corticosteroids are prescribed by the doctors in order to make the lungs of the fetus mature as well as to avert further advancement of the preeclampsia. Magnesium sulfate is another medication often used for preeclampsia treatment. It increases the blood flow to the placenta and the baby magnificently. Sometimes, would-be-mothers suffering from preeclampsia are also given magnesium sulfate through IVs as it helps check seizures during delivery.

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