You have attained pregnancy that you have taken your time to plan. You definitely take necessary measures in managing any pregnancy symptom that is likely to come up. The last thing you think of is noticing any vaginal bleeding, especially if it is your first pregnancy. Any vaginal discharges will definitely see you switch to panic mode. This should not be the case. It is a fact that about 30% of pregnant women experience bleeding during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester. Such cases are normally managed for the affected women to carry their pregnancy to term without any complications and deliver safely.
Causes of Bleeding in Pregnancy
Although most cases of pregnancy bleeding in the first trimester should not be a course for worry, such can mean several things that may necessitate medical examination:
- Implantation – You may experience spotting a few weeks after conceiving as the fertilized egg implants itself in the lining of your uterus. If you are not sure that you have conceived, you are likely to imagine spotting as a case of late menstrual cycle. The fact that the spotting is very light and different from normal period spotting should however alert you of the implantation process. Such spotting may last between 3 days to a week.
- Miscarriage – Spotting in pregnancy will definitely push you to think that you have miscarriage. Although some cases of bleeding in pregnancy lead to miscarriage, do not take any pregnancy bleeding to mean miscarriage. You should only suspect miscarriage in case such bleeding is accompanied by symptoms of miscarriage such as pregnancy cramps and pregnancy nausea. Take note that most pregnancy miscarriages occur in the first trimester and it is important to watch any vaginal discharges.
- Ectopic pregnancy – Pregnancy bleeding may mean ectopic pregnancy, a case in which a fertilized egg is implanted outside your uterus, usually in the fallopian tube. As the egg grows, it is bound to burst your fallopian tube, which is an emergency. Some symptoms of miscarriage resemble those of ectopic pregnancy, including pregnancy cramps and severe pain in the abdomen.
- Infections – Pregnancy bleeding can also occur b
ecause of infection. Any infection affecting your uterus, cervix and vagina can cause vaginal discharge.
Bleeding in 3rd and 4th Trimester
While some pregnancy discharges during the first trimester may not be a sign of a serious issue, any bleeding in the second and third trimesters should be a course for alarm. Vaginal bleeding in the last two trimesters is a definite indication of a problem with either the baby or you. Such may mean the following:
- Placenta bleeding – The placenta can at times implant itself close to your cervix canal and may in fact close it. This causes painless bleeding that you are likely to notice passing through. This is a life-threatening situation and requires immediate medical attention.
- Miscarriage – Although miscarriages are common in the first trimester, it is possible in the second trimester. Such will definitely be caused by your own actions that may not be healthy to your baby.
No bleeding or vaginal discharge should occur in the last two trimesters of pregnancy. Consider such as an emergency and seek medical attention straight away.