It is usually every girl’s dream to grow, be married and have a family of her own. Some girls however fail to realize this dream because of being diagnosed with infertility. You are unable in this condition to attain pregnancy despite regular unprotected sexual intercourse with your male partner, usually after one year of trying to be pregnant. Although your male partner may also have infertility problem, it is a fact that a third of all infertility are because of female infertility. Apart from the main known causes of infertility in women, various factors are considered risk factors that contribute to the occurrence. Such include:
- Age – It is a fact that your fertility begins to decline once you hit 30 years of age. Getting married late or avoiding pregnancy until later in life can se you fail to attain pregnancy.
- Weight – Being extremely overweight (obesity) or having a very low weight can cause infertility.
- Smoking – Tobacco smoke contains thousands of chemicals, some of which are very dangerous and are thought to contribute to infertility.
Causes of Infertility
It is very important to avoid these risks at all costs to prevent infertility. Below are some of the identified main causes of infertility:
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) – PID is one of the major causes of infertility across the world. PID encompasses varied infections and diseases including sexually transmitted diseases, Chlamydia, pelvic tuberculosis, ruptured appendix and unsafe abortions. PID causes damage to your fallopian tubes and can cause ectopic pregnancy, which is a medical emergency requiring surgical operation.
- Endometriosis – Your uterine wall is made of cells that can otherwise grow in other areas outside the uterus, such as in the fallopian tubes of in the ovaries. This causes a condition referred to as endometriosis, which is a major cause of infertility. You are bound to experience pain and irregular bleeding with endometriosis.
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) – Your ovaries are designed to produce both male and female hormones. Over-production of male hormones (testosterones) leads to PCOS, which in turn leads to increased levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) and decreased follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). This leads to failure by ovaries to produce mature eggs. You are bound to have infrequent menstrual cycle, hindering conception.
- Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) – Otherwise referred to as early or pre-mature menopause, POF is a condition in which your ovaries fail to produce eggs before you hit 40 years. You are bound to experience irregular menstrual flow as a buildup to POF. POF can be caused by varied factors including genetic disorders, autoimmune disorders, radiation and chemotherapy treatments and thyroid disease amongst other causes.
- Fibroids – Uterine fibroids impair uterine lining, making implantation impossible. They can also block the fallopian tube.
- Structural abnormalities – Inborn genital tract abnormalities cause infertility in some women. In such cases, abnormalities can lead to malformation of the vagina or failure in the development of the uterus.
- Fast foods – Eating fast foods causes infertility in a silent way. As you become used to fast foods, you end up with high cholesterol levels, which encourages weight gain and obesity, one of the causes of infertility. Excess consumption of alcohol and caffeine drinks also contributes to infertility.
- Stress/Depression – High levels of psychological stress that leads to depression is another cause of infertility. Note that stress interferes with neurotransmitters (chemical messengers), which play a vital role in controlling stress hormones. High levels of stress hormones can easily stop menstruation cycle.
- Environmental factors – Over-exposure to chemicals such as herbicides and pesticides interferes with smooth production of hormones, which can easily lead to infertility.
While some of these causes can be treated by use of medications and surgery procedures, some are permanent. Looking at some of the causes however, you notice that they are avoidable.