Otherwise referred to as spontaneous abortion, miscarriage is the ending of pregnancy when the growing fetus is incapable of surviving on its own. Miscarriage is one of the common early pregnancy complications that most women have to deal with. It can be devastating especially if it is your first planned pregnancy. The occurrence of miscarriage is usually a case of concern for doctors because of the possibility of another miscarriage in future. For this reason, doctors do strive to establish the cause of the same to avoid recurrence.
Types of Miscarriages
Miscarriages are not uniform, depending on the cause. Some women miscarry but with fast medical attention, they proceed to carry their babies to term. Below are the different types of miscarriage you may have:
Threatened miscarriage – A threatened miscarriage is characterized by vaginal bleeding and associated pain. The uterine opening is usually intact that no uterine tissue can pass through. The pain may emanate from tenderness of fallopian tube. Threatened miscarriage is mostly caused by infections.
Inevitable miscarriage – Inevitable miscarriage cannot be stopped or reversed. This is because the uterine opening is usually open with uterine tissue passing through. It is usually characterized by severe vaginal bleeding accompanied by severe abdominal pain and stomach cramping.
Incomplete miscarriage – Incomplete miscarriage is associated with expulsion of uterine materials with heavy vaginal bleeding because the uterine opening is usually open.
Complete miscarriage – Complete miscarriage is different from inevitable miscarriage. While in inevitable miscarriage, the uterine materials are the first to be expelled from the uterus, the fetus together with uterine materials are expelled as whole.
Most cases of miscarriage occur during early pregnancy, especially in the first 20 weeks. This does not however mean that you cannot miscarry in the last trimester of pregnancy. Vaginal bleeding is usually the major symptom of miscarriage. Other symptoms such as pain come after bleeding has started. Miscarriage can be caused by various factors. Fetus genetic problems that happen on their own without any association with your genes cause miscarriage. However, your genes cannot be ruled out in case of repetitive miscarriages. A low progesterone hormone level is another cause of miscarriage. Fibroids, uterine malfunction, problems with the placenta and infections/disease in the uterus or fallopian tubes can also cause miscarriage. Your own physical actions can also lead to miscarriage.
How to Prevent Miscarriage
Miscarriage is certainly a traumatizing experience and you need all the support possible to cope with the experience. Your doctor will normally try to establish the case of your miscarriage and educate you properly, in addition to counseling. In order to prevent another miscarriage, you need to avoid all miscarriage risk factors. This will be vial in your recovery process. Such include:
- Manage any disease or health condition you may be suffering. Effectively manage diabetes in case you are diabetic and go for polycystic syndrome test.
- Seek professional counseling to remove any pregnancy fear that you may develop and that can affect your future pregnancies.
- Avoid caffeinated and alcoholic drinks as part of your recovery.
- Because you loose blood during miscarriage, you may require embarking on a blood-boosting diet.
It is not advisable to get pregnant soon after miscarriage. It is important that you give your body adequate time to rest from the trauma. Giving yourself time also enables your mind to recover.